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Chronology of Nigerian militants' Attacks
- Masterweb News Desk
( Thursday, July 24, 2008 )
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Photo Above: A Nigerian militant levels his machine gun from his war boat on the Escravos River in Delta state, Nigeria.
Unlike the gin-swilling, flip-flop-wearing youths of previous movements such as Niger Delta Volunteer Force(NDVF), Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(MEND) members wear matching camouflage body armour, boots and masks. MEND launched a series of attacks this year that cut-off twenty five percent of Nigerian oil output. The group warned China to stay away from Niger Delta and has threatened further attacks on oil companies operating in the area.
Little is known about MEND but it has shown that it is capable of destablising Nigeria's oil industry. Its leaders are unknown, the same is applicable to the members as they wear masks. Mend's leaders like to be faceless, they usually send statements to the media via e-mail. Below is a chronology of major attacks on Nigerian oil industry in 2006 and 2007 by these militants.
Over 200 foreigners have been abducted in the Niger Delta by gunmen in the last four years. Most were released in exchange for money.
January 5, 2007: Gunmen kidnapped 5 Chinese telecom workers. Militants plant a car bomb in the Shell residential compound in Port Harcourt. Shell evacuates some staff from compounds in Port Harcourt, Bonny Island and Warri.
January 10, 2007: Gunmen attacked a base operated by South Korea's Daewoo Engineering and Construction in the Bayelsa state kidnapping 9 South Korean and one Nigerian oil workers.
January 12, 2007: 9 South Korean workers and one Nigerian are freed after being kidnapped when gunmen attacked a base operated by South Korea's Daewoo Engineering and Construction in the Bayelsa state capital Yenagoa on Jan. 10.
January 16, 2007: 3 people including a Dutch oil worker are killed when their boat, operated by South Korean firm Hyundai, was attacked by gunmen on its way to the Bonny Island export terminal.
January 18, 2007: Gunmen free 5 Chinese telecom workers, kidnapped January 5. An Italian is also released in Bayelsa state. 3 foreign hostages remain in captivity.
January 20, 2007: Militants seize German shipping line Baco-Liner cargo ship on its way to Warri port taking all 24 Filipino crew members hostage.
January 23, 2007: Gunmen kidnap 2 engineers, an American and a Briton, in Port Harcourt, on their way to work.
January 25, 2007: 9 employees of Chinese National Petroleum Company (CNPC) working in Bayelsa state under contract with Shell are kidnapped.
February 4, 2007: 9 employees of Chinese National Petroleum Company (CNPC) kidnapped on January 25 released.
February 6, 2007: Gunmen kidnap a Filipino oil worker on Port Harcourt - Owerri road.
February 7, 2007: A Filipina woman is kidnapped by gunmen in Port Harcourt. This apparently is the first abduction of a woman in the region. The same day, a French oil worker( an employee of Total Oil Co ), identified as Gerard Laporal, married to a Nigerian woman is kidnapped by gunmen as he returned home around 9:00 pm.
February 13, 2007: Militants release 24 Filipinos kidnapped on January 20.
February 17, 2007: 4 young Nigerian men serving as missionaries for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints abducted from their apartment in Port Harcourt.
February 18, 2007: 3 Croatian oil workers of Hydrodrive Nigeria abducted in Port Harcourt.
March 4, 2007: Gunmen kidnap a German construction worker and killed a soldier in the Niger Delta.
March 14, 2007: Militants release 2 Italian workers Being held since December 7.
March 23, 2007: A Dutch manager for German building contractor Bilfinger Berger, kidnapped in Port Harcourt.
March 31, 2007: A British worker abducted from the Bulford Dolphin oil rig.
April 2, 2007: 2 Lebanese employees of Setraco abducted in Bayelsa.
April 4, 2007: Dutch manager kidnapped on March 23 is released. British worker abducted on March 31released and 2 Lebanese employed by Setraco abducted on April 2 also released.
April 7, 2007: Gunmen kidnap 2 Turkish engineers from their car in Port Harcourt.
April 27, 2007: Gunmen kill 2 policemen in a failed kidnap attempt in Port Harcourt as the officers were escorting a convoy of vehicles carrying expatriate staff to work.
May 1, 2007: An American, 4 Italians and a Croat are kidnapped from an offshore oil facility operated by Chevron in Bayelsa State.
May 3, 2007: Gunmen kidnap 20 foreign workers in three attacks, but eight are freed within hours. Saipem reduces output by about 50,000 barrels a day.
May 5, 2007: Gunmen abduct a British oil worker from Trident 8 rig operated by U.S.-based Transocean off the coast of Bayelsa. In a separate incident, gunmen abduct a Belarussian woman who works as a manager of Britain's Compass Group from outside her home in Port Harcourt.
May 8, 2007: 3 South Koreans and 8 Filipinos are freed after being held for five days. Rebels blow up three oil pipelines in the Niger Delta, forcing Italian oil giant Eni to halt production of 150,000 barrels per day feeding its Brass export terminal. MEND claims responsibility for the attack.
May 9, 2007: Gunmen kidnap 4 U.S. oil workers from a barge off the coast near Chevron's Escravos crude export terminal.
May 16, 2007: Belarussian woman abducted May 5, is freed.
May 19, 2007: 2 Indian staff of Eleme Petrochemical Company are kidnapped by gunmen in Port Harcourt.
May 22, 2007: In Warri Gunmen abduct a Lebanese man, Financial Controller at oil service company Nigercat in the city.
May 24, 2007: Gunmen kidnap a Polish engineer near Warri.
May 25, 2007: Nine( 3 Americans, 4 Britons, a South African, and a Filipino ) oil workers are kidnapped from a ship in the Niger Delta.
May 28, 2007: Polish engineer kidnapped May 24 is released.
May 30, 2007: 4 U.S. oil workers, kidnapped May 9 are released.
June 1, 2007: Gunmen kidnap 3 senior managers of Indonesian chemical company Indorama from their residential estate in Port Harcourt. In a separate incident, gunmen kidnap 4 workers from Britain, France, Netherlands and Pakistan from their residential compound of oil services company Schlumberger in Port Harcourt. Yet another raid by gumen took 10 Indian hostages.
June 2, 2007: An American, 4 Italians and a Croat kidnapped May 1, are released.
June 3, 2007: Gunmen kidnap 6 staff of United Company RUSAL( Russian aluminum giant ), in Ikot Abasi in the Niger Delta.
June 11, 2007: 5 Britons and 3 Americans are released in Bayelsa State. 2 Indians, a Filipino and a South African kidnapped May 25, all released.
June 15, 2007: Gunmen kidnap 2 Lebanese men, employees of Italian firm Stabilini, in Ogara in Delta State. In a separate incident in Delta State also, gunmen kidnap 2 Indian construction workers.
June 16, 2007: Militants release 10 Indian hostages held since June 1.
June 21, 2007: Troops kill 12 militants and free some hostages in a dawn raid on an Italian-operated Ogbainbiri oil facility.
June 23, 2007: 4 foreign hostages employed by oil services giant Schlumberger kidnapped June 1 are released unharmed.
July 5, 2007: Margaret Hill, a 3-year-old British girl is abducted in Port Harcourt. She is released July 8.
July 7, 2007: Royal Dutch Shell reports one of its teams attacked in Rivers State, 2 Nigerian workers taken hostage. The 2 Nigerians released July 11.
July 8, 2007: A Bulgarian and a Briton, employees of British oil company Exprogroup kidnapped from a barge near Calabar in Cross River state. They were freed August 8, 2007.
July 12, 2007: Francis Samuel Amadi, 3-year-old son of a traditional ruler of Iriebe is kidnapped in Port Harcourt. He was released next day.
July 31, 2007: A Pakistani construction manager with Gitto, an Italian firm is kidnapped near Bodo in the Ogoni area of Rivers State.
August 10, 2007: Gunmen abducts David Ward, a British manager from oil services firm Hydrodive in Port Harcourt.
August 28, 2007: Pakistani construction manager kidnapped on July 31 is released.
September 23, 2007: Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) announces will restartattacks on oil installations and abduction of expatriates following the arrest of its leader, Henry Okah on arms trafficking on September 3.
September 27, 2007: Gunmen raid oil services company Saipem and abduct a Colombian and a Filipino workers of the company, killing another Colombian staff.
October 5, 2007: David Ward, abducted by gunmen August 10, is freed by Nigerian troops.
October 10, 2007: The two Colombian and Filipino workers of oil services company Saipem abducted September 27, are both released.
October 20, 2007: Seven workers, 4 Nigerians and 3 contractors of Royal Dutch Shell( a Russian, a Briton, & a Croat ) are seized at EA field off the coast of Bayelsa State by gunmen in speedboats. All are freed October 22.
October 26, 2007: Gunmen in speedboats attack the Mystras vessel at an offshore oil production facility operated by Saipem, seizing six Indian and Polish oil workers hostage. MEND had claims responsibility for the attack.
October 30, 2007: Six Indian and Polish hostages seized October 26 are all freed.
March 4, 2008: A German employee of German-Nigerian construction group Julius Berger kidnapped in Port Harcourt.
May 23, 2008: 2 foreign workers( a Pakistani & a Maltese ) are kidnapped at Omoku village of the Niger Delta.
June 3, 2008: Gunmen abduct 2 Lebanese employees of Setraco, a local engineering company in the town of Amassoma of the Niger Delta.
June 19, 2008: Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) attack Royal Dutch Shell's Bonga oilfield , taking Jack Stone, the U.S. captain of a nearby supply ship hostage. Stone was released later same day. ''Capt. J. (Jack) Stone, who was captured by our fighters in the early hours of today (Thursday), was released unconditionally to his employers by 1645Hrs,'' a terse statement from MEND stated. The rebels warn of further attacks.
June 22, 2008: MEND declares ceasefire from attacks following appeal for peace by Niger Delta elders. The group in an electronic email, entitled, "Unilateral Ceasefire:, signed by Jomo Gbomo said, "Effective 12 midnight on Tuesday, June 24, 2008, the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) will be observing a unilateral ceasefire in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria until further notice.
June 22 & 23, 2008: Rival Militants In Gun Battle In Bayelsa - Fierce gun battle between militia groups loyal to the peace pact initiated in the state and those against the process. 2 killed in the fight. Fighting erupted when the later, the Niger Delta Vigilante Force (NDVF) led by warlord Ateke Tom attempted to set up a camp in Opuama in the Southern Ijaw council area. The NDVF was formerly based in Okirika but got chased out recently through the combined efforts of the Rivers State Government and the Joint Military Task Force. It therefore decided to set up another camp in Opuama in Bayelsa. A militant commander in the area popularly known as Prince Igodo vehemently resisted the moves, arguing it would threaten the peace initiative in the area. Prince Igodo is a leading member of the peace pact between Bayelsa State Government and 14 commanders of militant camps in the state. Attempt by NDVF to go ahead with its plan led to fierce fighting involving the use of sophisticated weapons by both sides.
June 24, 2008: Death toll from fighting between NDVF militants and Prince Igodo's group put at 20.
June 25, 2008: Militants in the Niger Delta call off their unilateral ceasefire and order resumed hostilities. The Joint Revolutionary Council (JRC), comprising Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), the Reformed Niger Delta People's Volunteer Force and the Martyrs Brigade, announced the ceasefire call off in a press statement signed by its spokesperson, Cynthia Whyte.
June 27, 2008: Ateke Tom led NDVF militants capture rival militant warlord. Prince Igodo. His two hands are cut-off and he bleeds to death according to reports. In an unrelated incident, gunmen storm a burial function whisking away Mr. Ekpareba Apiri, a permanent secretary with Bayelsa State oil service, as he hosted guests after his relative's interment in their country home of Okodi in Ogbia local government area. Apiri's corpse was dumped at his doorstep the following morning.
July 11, 2008: 2 German employees of construction firm Julius Berger, Nigerian unit of Germany's Bilfinger Berger kidnapped at Emohua in Rivers state.
July 16, 2008: Thousands of Nigerians flee Niger Delta oil town of Bonny after militants threaten to behead people who are not originally from the area.
Photo Above: Niger Delta Volunteer Force(NDVF) militants display their weapons. Dokubo-Asari's Niger Delta Volunteer Force took up arms in 2004 to fight for the interests of the region's majority Ijaw ethnic group, alleging that successive governments had cheated their impoverished communities of the oil wealth produced in the region. In a peace deal with the Nigerian government, Dokubo-Asari turned in most of the weapons of NDVF. Unconfirmed reports claim NDVF has rearmed since then and some members recriuted by the more deadlier Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(MEND). Dokubo-Asari is currently in detention facing treason charges.
Photo Above: Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(MEND) militants display their weapons - heavy machine guns and rocket-propelled grenade launchers to journalists. *Unlike the gin-swilling, flip-flop-wearing youths of previous movements such as Niger Delta Volunteer Force(NDVF), Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(MEND) militants wear matching camouflage body armour, boots and masks.
Photo Above: Movement for the Emancipation for the Niger Delta militants wearing black masks, military fatigues and carrying Kalashnikov assault rifles and rocket-propelled grenade launchers patrol the creeks of the Niger Delta. Little is known about MEND but it has shown that it is capable of destablising Nigeria's oil industry. Its leaders are unknown, the same is applicable to the members as they wear masks. Mend's leaders like to be faceless, they usually send statements to the media via e-mail.
Photo Above: Armed Movement for the Emancipation for the Niger Delta militants patrol the creeks of the Niger Delta.
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