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Chronology of Nigerian militants' Attacks
- Masterweb News Desk
( Wednesday, February 21, 2007 )
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Photo Above: A Nigerian militant levels his machine gun from his war boat on the Escravos River in Delta state, Nigeria.
Unlike the gin-swilling, flip-flop-wearing youths of previous movements such as Niger Delta Volunteer Force(NDVF), Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(MEND) members wear matching camouflage body armour, boots and masks. MEND launched a series of attacks this year that cut-off twenty five percent of Nigerian oil output. The group warned China to stay away from Niger Delta and has threatened further attacks on oil companies operating in the area.
Little is known about MEND but it has shown that it is capable of destablising Nigeria's oil industry. Its leaders are unknown, the same is applicable to the members as they wear masks. Mend's leaders like to be faceless, they usually send statements to the media via e-mail. Below is a chronology of major attacks on Nigerian oil industry in 2006 and 2007 by these militants.
January 10, 2006: Militants kidnap 4 foreign oil workers from Shell's offshore E.A. oilfield. Shell shuts 115,000 bpd E.A. platform. They also blow up crude oil pipelines, cutting supplies to Forcados export terminal by 100,000 bpd.
January 30, 2006: Militants free all hostages kidnapped January 10, but threaten wave of new attacks.
February 18, 2006: Militants attack a barge operated by US oil services company Willbros in speedboats and abduct 9 oil workers. The militants also blow up a Shell crude oil pipeline and a gas pipeline operated by Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation(NNPC), and bomb Shell's Forcados tanker loading platform, forcing the company to suspend exports from the 380,000 bpd facility. Closure of Forcados affects other companies, cutting further 100,000 bpd output. Shell shuts 115,000 bpd E.A. platform as precaution.
March 1, 2006: Militants release 6 of the hostages kidnapped February 18; they include 1 American, 2 Egyptians, 2 Thais and a Filipino.
March 18, 2006: Militants blow up oil pipeline operated by Italian oil company Agip, shutting down 75,000 bpd.
March 27, 2006: Militants release remaining three hostages kidnapped February 18 - 2 Americans and a Briton.
May 10, 2006: An oil executive of Baker Hughes(an American Co.) employee is killed by unidentified gunmen in Port Harcourt. MEND denies responsibility.
May 11, 2006: 3 workers of Italian oil contractor Saipem are kidnapped.
June 2, 2006: 6 Britons, 1 Canadian and an American are abducted from Bulford Dolphin oil rig owned by Norwegian oilfield services group Fred. Olsen Energy. Hostages are released two days later.
June 7, 2006: Militants attack a Shell-operated natural gas facility in the Niger Delta, killing 6 soldiers and kidnapping 5 South Korean contractors.
June 20, 2006: 2 Filipinos with Beaufort International kidnapped in Port Harcourt and freed 5 days later.
July 6, 2006: Gunmen kidnap Michael Los, a Dutch oil worker in Bayelsa State. He is released 4 days later.
July 25, 2006: Niger Delta mob seize Agip Ogbainbiri flow station, taking 24 workers hostage. Hostages released and flow station abandoned July 31 after paid-off by Nigerian government.
August 3, 2006: German oil worker, Guido Schiffarth, a 62-year-old employee of Bilfinger and Berger snatched from his car in Port Harcourt by armed men dressed as soldiers. .
August 4, 2006: Gunmen abduct 3 Filipino oil workers from a bus near Port Harcourt. They are released 10 days later.
August 9, 2006: 2 Norwegian and 2 Ukrainian oil workers kidnapped.
August 10, 2006: A Belgian and Moroccan contractors kidnapped in Port Harcourt. Both released on August 14.
August 13, 2006: 5 foreign oil workers( 2 Britons, a German, an Irish and a Pole. ) kidnapped from a nightclub in Port Harcourt. An American also kidnapped earlier the same day.
August 15, 2006: 2 Norwegian and 2 Ukrainian oil workers kidnapped on August 9 freed.
August 16, 2006: Lebanese man kidnapped.
August 19, 2006: German oil worker, Guido Schiffarth is released. Nigerian army launch crackdown on militants. Soldiers fired in the air, sending men and women screaming through the streets of Port Harcourt.
August 24: An Italian oil worker employed by Saipem is kidnapped by gunmen in Port Harcourt. He is freed after five days.
October 2, 2006: 25 Nigerian employees of a Royal Dutch Shell contractor seized after an ambush of boats carrying supplies to Shell facilities in the Cawthorne Channel. They are relased two days later.
October 3, 2006: 7 foreign oil workers( four Britons, one Indonesian, one Malaysian and a Romanian ) kidnapped in a raid on a compound for expatriate contractors working for Exxon Mobil. The 3 British among the released 7 foreign oil workers arrived back in Scotland October 23, to tell of their hostage ordeal in the hands of Nigerian delta militants. One of the men, Graeme Buchan, revealed how he was beaten and forced to call the chief executive of his employers to falsely say that his colleague Paul Smith was dead. Speaking on behalf of his colleagues, Mr Buchan described how they were beaten with sticks, slapped with machetes and feared they might never see their families again.
October 21, 2006: 7 foreign oil workers kidnapped October 3 are released.
November 2, 2006: A British and an American employees of Petroleum Geo-Services(PGS) are kidnapped from a survey ship off the coast of Bayelsa.
November 7, 2006: British and American employees of Petroleum Geo-Services(PGS) kidnapped on November 2 freed.
November 22, 2006: A British oil worker is killed during an attempt by Nigerian soldiers to free 7 hostages abducted by militants earlier the same day.
December 7, 2006: Gunmen kidnap three Italians and one Lebanese from a residential facility. Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) claims responsibility.
December 14, 2006: Gunmen invade the Nun River logistics base in Bayelsa State operated by Royal Dutch Shell and hold 5 people hostage.
December 18, 2006: 2 car bombs explode in Port Harcourt, one near Agip compound and the other in Shell residential compound. There were no casualties.
December 21, 2006: Militants storm the Obagi field facility in Rivers State, operated by Total, killing 3 people.
January 5, 2007: Gunmen kidnapped 5 Chinese telecom workers. Militants plant a car bomb in the Shell residential compound in Port Harcourt. Shell evacuates some staff from compounds in Port Harcourt, Bonny Island and Warri.
January 10, 2007: Gunmen attacked a base operated by South Korea's Daewoo Engineering and Construction in the Bayelsa state kidnapping 9 South Korean and one Nigerian oil workers.
January 12, 2007: 9 South Korean workers and one Nigerian are freed after being kidnapped when gunmen attacked a base operated by South Korea's Daewoo Engineering and Construction in the Bayelsa state capital Yenagoa on Jan. 10.
January 16, 2007: 3 people including a Dutch oil worker are killed when their boat, operated by South Korean firm Hyundai, was attacked by gunmen on its way to the Bonny Island export terminal.
January 18, 2007: Gunmen free 5 Chinese telecom workers, kidnapped January 5. An Italian is also released in Bayelsa state. 3 foreign hostages remain in captivity.
January 20, 2007: Militants seize German shipping line Baco-Liner cargo ship on its way to Warri port taking all 24 Filipino crew members hostage.
January 23, 2007: Gunmen kidnap 2 engineers, an American and a Briton, in Port Harcourt, on their way to work.
January 25, 2007: 9 employees of Chinese National Petroleum Company (CNPC) working in Bayelsa state under contract with Shell are kidnapped.
February 4, 2007: 9 employees of Chinese National Petroleum Company (CNPC) kidnapped on January 25 released.
February 6, 2007: Gunmen kidnap a Filipino oil worker on Port Harcourt - Owerri road.
February 7, 2007: A Filipina woman is kidnapped by gunmen in Port Harcourt. This apparently is the first abduction of a woman in the region. The same day, a French oil worker( an employee of Total Oil Co ), identified as Gerard Laporal, married to a Nigerian woman is kidnapped by gunmen as he returned home around 9:00 pm.
February 13, 2007: Militants release 24 Filipinos kidnapped on January 20.
February 17, 2007: 4 young Nigerian men serving as missionaries for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints abducted from their apartment in Port Harcourt.
February 18, 2007: 3 Croatian oil workers of Hydrodrive Nigeria abducted in Port Harcourt.
Photo Above: Niger Delta Volunteer Force(NDVF) militants display their weapons. Dokubo-Asari's Niger Delta Volunteer Force took up arms in 2004 to fight for the interests of the region's majority Ijaw ethnic group, alleging that successive governments had cheated their impoverished communities of the oil wealth produced in the region. In a peace deal with the Nigerian government, Dokubo-Asari turned in most of the weapons of NDVF. Unconfirmed reports claim NDVF has rearmed since then and some members recriuted by the more deadlier Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(MEND). Dokubo-Asari is currently in detention facing treason charges.
Photo Above: Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(MEND) militants display their weapons - heavy machine guns and rocket-propelled grenade launchers to journalists. *Unlike the gin-swilling, flip-flop-wearing youths of previous movements such as Niger Delta Volunteer Force(NDVF), Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta(MEND) militants wear matching camouflage body armour, boots and masks.
Photo Above: Movement for the Emancipation for the Niger Delta militants wearing black masks, military fatigues and carrying Kalashnikov assault rifles and rocket-propelled grenade launchers patrol the creeks of the Niger Delta. Little is known about MEND but it has shown that it is capable of destablising Nigeria's oil industry. Its leaders are unknown, the same is applicable to the members as they wear masks. Mend's leaders like to be faceless, they usually send statements to the media via e-mail.
Photo Above: Armed Movement for the Emancipation for the Niger Delta militants patrol the creeks of the Niger Delta.
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